Earthquakes in Burma


Earthquakes in Burma
   Burma is located in a seismically active region, and earthquakes occasionally cause great damage and loss of life. In 1930, a large earthquake destroyed the Shwemawdaw Pagoda in Pegu (Bago), causing many deaths. A 1975 earthquake damaged temples and pagodas at Pagan (Bagan). Given the flimsiness of much of the new construction in Rangoon (Yangon), Mandalay, and other towns since 1988, there are fears that a large quake could cause many fatalities in urban areas. On December 26, 2004, an earthquake of over 9.0 magnitude occurred where the Burma Plate is undercut by the Indian Plate in the Indian Ocean, close to western Sumatra in Indonesia, causing massive tsunamis (sea waves). An estimated 226,000 people died or are missing in Indonesia, Sri Lanka, India, Thailand, Malaysia, and other countries. Several hundred Burmese workers resident in southern Thailand are believed to have died. In Burma itself, the State Peace and Development Council has released very little information about casualties or the extent of damage. According to the Myanmar Red Cross, 86 people died in Irrawaddy (Ayeyarwady) and Tenasserim (Tanintharyi) Divisions and Arakan (Rakhine) State. Investigations by the United Nations confirmed that, compared to neighboring countries, the number of deaths was small, and probably did not greatly exceed official figures, but that some 30,000 people were in need of emergency aid.

Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar). . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Burma — <p></p> <p></p> Introduction ::Burma <p></p> Background: <p></p> Various ethnic Burmese and ethnic minority city states or kingdoms occupied the present borders through the 19th century. Over a… …   The World Factbook

  • Burma — /berr meuh/, n. a republic in SE Asia, on the Bay of Bengal. 46,821,943; 261,789 sq. mi. (678,034 sq. km). Cap.: Yangon. Official name, Union of Myanmar. * * * Burma Introduction Burma Background: Despite multiparty elections in 1990 that… …   Universalium

  • 2011 Burma earthquake — 2011 Burma earthquake …   Wikipedia

  • March 2007 Sumatra earthquakes — Date March 6, 2007 (2007 03 06) Magnitude 6.4 Mw, 6.3 Mw …   Wikipedia

  • Geography of Burma — Geography of Myanmar Continent Asia Region Southeast Asia Coordinates …   Wikipedia

  • 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami — 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake Tsunami strikes Ao Nang, Thailand. Date 00:58:53, December 26 …   Wikipedia

  • 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake — Earthquake title = 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake date = December 26, 2004 depth = 30 km (19 mi) location = coord|3.316|N|95.854|E|type:landmark scale:50000000|display=inline,title Tsunami strikes Ao Nang, Thailand. type = undersea (subduction)… …   Wikipedia

  • Disasters — ▪ 2009 Introduction Aviation       January 23, Poland. A Spanish built CASA transport plane carrying members of the Polish air force home from a conference on flight safety in Warsaw crashes near the town of Miroslawiec; all 20 aboard are killed …   Universalium

  • India — /in dee euh/, n. 1. Hindi, Bharat. a republic in S Asia: a union comprising 25 states and 7 union territories; formerly a British colony; gained independence Aug. 15, 1947; became a republic within the Commonwealth of Nations Jan. 26, 1950.… …   Universalium

  • Earth Sciences — ▪ 2009 Introduction Geology and Geochemistry       The theme of the 33rd International Geological Congress, which was held in Norway in August 2008, was “Earth System Science: Foundation for Sustainable Development.” It was attended by nearly… …   Universalium